+65 64600199

Establishing a business in Singapore comes with a plethora of advantages, and one of the most promising structures is an exempt private company (EPC). As a unique type of private limited company, an EPC is specially designed to benefit from Singapore’s unparalleled regulatory environment and support system, becoming a highly attractive option for budding entrepreneurs.

With a deep understanding of the EPC benefits and key qualifications, you can navigate the queasy waters of Singapore company formation with confidence, and reap the full range of EPC-specific advantages. In this comprehensive guide, you’ll learn about EPCs, their unique distinctions, and how to accurately establish this business structure in Singapore to unlock all its potential.

Key Takeaways

  • EPC is a unique type of private limited company in Singapore that enjoys specific benefits and exemptions.
  • An EPC can have no more than 20 individual shareholders and is prohibited from having any corporation holding its shares directly or indirectly.
  • EPCs are exempt from statutory audit requirements, offering a streamlined compliance process.
  • Establishing an EPC in Singapore provides limited liability protection for shareholders, keeping personal assets secure.
  • The Start-Up Tax Exemption Scheme reduces corporate tax liabilities for eligible EPCs, fostering a conducive environment for business growth.
  • Our vOffice virtual office services, starting at $4.75/month, provide the necessary credible business address for EPC registration in Singapore.

Defining an Exempt Private Company (EPC) in Singapore

An Exempt Private Company (EPC) in Singapore is a unique form of business defined as a private company limited by shares, with specific regulations pertaining to its shareholders and exemptions. EPCs are limited to a maximum of twenty individual shareholders and are prohibited from having any corporation hold shares either directly or indirectly.

One of the key distinctions of a Singapore Exempt Private Company is the exemption from statutory audit requirements, which is aimed at protecting shareholders’ interests and minimizing financial risks. In addition to this, Singapore takes a strategic approach to private company regulations, fostering an environment conducive to business growth and success.

An EPC in Singapore is defined as a private company limited by shares, housing no more than twenty individual shareholders, and prohibiting any corporation from holding shares either directly or indirectly.

Singapore Exempt Private Company

Moreover, EPCs can be fully government-owned, as seen with companies like Temasek Capital Pte Ltd and Singapore Technologies Holdings. This exemplifies the adaptability and diverse range of businesses that can operate under the EPC structure in Singapore.

Qualifications for exemption for an EPC include complying with the mandated shareholder requirements and maintaining an adherence to other private company regulations set by the government. In line with these compliance measures, the flexibility provided by vOffice virtual office services plays a significant role in facilitating the registration of an EPC, especially for those requiring a credible business address in Singapore.

  1. Shareholder restrictions: Maximum of twenty individual shareholders.
  2. Excluded shareholders: Corporations cannot hold shares directly or indirectly.
  3. Audit exemption: No statutory audit requirements for EPCs.
  4. Government-owned entities: EPCs can be fully government-owned.

In conclusion, an Exempt Private Company (EPC) in Singapore offers a unique business structure tailored to cater to the needs of entrepreneurs and investors alike. With its well-defined regulations, qualifications for exemption, and inherent benefits, EPCs serve as a catalyst for growing and fostering Singapore’s entrepreneurial ecosystem.

Comparing EPCs with Other Business Entities

Exempt Private Companies (EPCs) exhibit unique advantages compared to other business entities, in terms of shareholder protection, financial decision-making autonomy, and a favorable regulatory environment. In this section, we delve into the specific benefits that EPCs provide in contrast to other private and public companies.

Exempt Private Company Vs. Other Business Entities

The Shield of Limited Liability for EPC Shareholders

EPC shareholders enjoy the benefit of limited liability, which means their risk of loss is restricted to the amount they invested in the company’s shares, safeguarding their personal assets from any financial fallout. In contrast, business owners of sole proprietorships and partnerships are exposed to unlimited liability, placing their personal assets at risk.

With limited liability, EPCs provide investors with a layer of personal asset protection, making this business structure an attractive option for risk-averse investors.

Autonomy in Financial Decision-Making for EPCs

EPCs showcase greater autonomy in their financial dealings compared to other private companies. For example, they possess greater freedom to extend business loans and director loans without being subject to the stringent constraints typically associated with non-EPCs. This flexibility enables EPCs to swiftly respond to business needs and capitalize on emerging opportunities.

Exempt Private Company Versus Public and Non-Exempt Private Entities

In comparison to public and non-exempt private companies, EPCs reap the benefits of streamlined audit exemptions, corporate tax-exempt status, and fewer compliance requirements, which collectively make them a more attractive business entity. A brief comparison of the key elements is provided in the table below:

Business entity Personal asset protection Financial flexibility Compliance requirements
Exempt Private Company (EPC) Limited liability Greater freedom in loans and financial activities Fewer compliance requirements and audit exemptions
Non-Exempt Private Company Limited liability Higher constraints on financial dealings Higher compliance requirements
Public Company Limited liability Higher constraints on financial dealings Highest level of compliance requirements

In summary, EPCs offer a unique blend of advantages that are uncommon in other business structures, making them a popular choice for businesses seeking personal asset protection, financial autonomy, and a favorable regulatory environment.

The Advantages of Establishing an EPC in Singapore

Exempt Private Companies (EPCs) in Singapore enjoy a multitude of benefits that create a supportive environment for entrepreneurs and facilitate business establishment. Key advantages encompass reduced liability, start-up tax exemptions, financial freedoms, and streamlined annual compliance processes.

Reduced liability ensures that shareholders’ personal assets are protected, a major consideration for prospective investors when deciding on a business structure. EPCs provide shareholders with limited liability, restricting their losses to the amount they invested in shares.

The start-up tax exemptions available under the Start-Up Tax Exemption Scheme (SUTE) are particularly appealing for newly established EPCs. These exemptions offer significant savings on corporate taxes during the initial phase of business operation. Specifically, the scheme grants tax exemptions on the first SGD 300,000 of chargeable income over the first three years, supporting business growth and financial solvency.

Increased freedom in financial loans enables EPCs to explore various financing options and respond more effectively to business opportunities or challenges. The flexibility in extending loans to directors and engaging in financial activities sets EPCs apart from their non-exempt private company counterparts.

EPCs also benefit from simplified annual compliance processes, which reduces administrative burdens and fosters efficiency in conducting business. Some advantages in compliance include exemptions from statutory audit requirements and a more streamlined process for annual returns filing, particularly for solvent EPCs with an annual turnover of less than SGD 10 million.

Singapore financial freedoms

These aforementioned benefits culminate in an environment ripe for entrepreneurship and EPC success in Singapore. The combination of reduced liability, attractive tax exemptions, financial freedoms, and simplified compliance processes positions EPCs as a viable and desirable business structure for entrepreneurs eager to establish their footprint in the Singaporean market.

Navigating the Legal Landscape: Compliance and Exemptions for an EPC

Exempt Private Companies (EPCs) in Singapore are privy to numerous tax benefits and simplified legal requirements, all of which create an attractive landscape for businesses to thrive. In this section, we will highlight the tax-related advantages and streamlined compliance processes that make EPCs a preferred choice for entrepreneurs in Singapore.

Tax Benefits Tailored for EPCs

One of the most notable tax benefits for EPCs is the Start-Up Tax Exemption (SUTE) scheme, designed to encourage entrepreneurs and boost the start-up ecosystem in Singapore. Under the SUTE scheme, qualifying new EPCs enjoy significant tax exemptions on the first SGD 300,000 of chargeable income for the initial three years. This not only enhances the financial appeal of starting an EPC but also fosters a supportive environment for growth.

SUTE scheme tax benefits for EPCs

Annual Filing Simplifications and Audit Exemptions

Singapore’s regulatory landscape further aids EPCs with simplified annual filing requirements and audit exemptions for eligible small companies. Solvent EPCs that have a turnover of less than SGD 10 million are not required to attach audited accounts in their annual filings. This results in reduced administrative burdens and increased business efficiency.

ACRA compliance, while essential, can be easier to navigate with the right guidance and understanding of exemptions and simplifications for EPCs.

The following are some key exemptions and simplifications that EPCs can benefit from:

  • Reduced financial statement requirements in comparison to non-EPCs, resulting in lower administrative workloads.
  • Audit exemptions for qualified small companies, helping them save on audit costs and streamline their year-end processes.
  • Simplified annual filing requirements, making regulatory compliance less cumbersome for EPCs.

By understanding and leveraging these tax benefits and compliance simplifications, Singapore EPCs can unlock their full potential and harness the strengths of this unique business model.


Incorporating an Exempt Private Company (EPC) in Singapore offers numerous strategic benefits, making it an attractive business structure for entrepreneurs. As a popular destination for corporate formation, Singapore provides a conducive environment for EPCs by offering limited liability, tax exemptions, and reduced compliance requirements.

The EPC incorporation process in Singapore is fairly straightforward, supported by professional company incorporation services that help entrepreneurs comply with legal regulations. By utilizing services such as vOffice’s virtual office offerings, starting at just $4.75/month, business owners can effortlessly navigate the EPC setup process, including acquiring a prestigious business address essential for company registration in the country.

Ultimately, the EPC structure in Singapore enables businesses to leverage significant financial and operational advantages, promoting economic growth and success within the competitive market. Entrepreneurs seeking to establish their company in Singapore should strongly consider the EPC model and explore professional company incorporation services to ensure a smooth and seamless business formation journey.


What is an Exempt Private Company (EPC) in Singapore?

An Exempt Private Company (EPC) in Singapore is a private company limited by shares with no more than 20 individual shareholders and no corporate shareholders. EPCs are distinct from other business entities due to their exemption from statutory audit requirements and other financial and regulatory privileges.

How does limited liability benefit EPC shareholders?

Limited liability protects EPC shareholders by limiting their financial risk to the amount they invested in the company’s shares. This ensures that their personal assets are not at risk in the event of company debts or liabilities, unlike sole proprietorships and partnerships that have unlimited liability.

What financial autonomy does an EPC enjoy?

EPCs have the freedom to extend loans to directors and engage in financial activities without strict regulations that apply to non-EPCs. This greater autonomy in financial decision-making allows EPCs to be more agile in responding to business needs and opportunities.

What are some benefits of establishing an EPC in Singapore?

The advantages of establishing an EPC in Singapore include reduced liability for shareholders, tax exemptions such as the Start-Up Tax Exemption Scheme, increased freedom in financial loans, and simplified annual compliance processes. These benefits create a conducive environment for entrepreneurship and business growth in Singapore.

What tax benefits and exemptions are available for EPCs in Singapore?

EPCs in Singapore are eligible for tax benefits such as the Start-Up Tax Exemption (SUTE) scheme, which provides substantial tax exemptions on the initial SGD 300,000 of chargeable income over the first three years. This fosters a supportive start-up ecosystem and makes EPCs financially attractive for entrepreneurs.

Are there any simplifications for EPCs in terms of annual filing and audit exemptions?

Singapore’s regulatory landscape offers EPCs simplified annual filing requirements and potential audit exemptions for qualified small companies. Solvent EPCs with a turnover of less than SGD 10 million are not obligated to attach audited accounts, reducing administrative burdens and promoting business efficiency.

How can professional incorporation services help establish an EPC in Singapore?

Professional company incorporation services such as virtual office offerings can help entrepreneurs navigate the legal complexities of registering an EPC in Singapore, starting with just $4.75/month for a prestigious business address required for company registration. Such services streamline the registration process while ensuring compliance with regulations.